About the Roadmap to 2050

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) in early 2019 launched an initiative aimed to connect key figures for the global energy transition, particularly engineers, scientists and policymakers.

The first report ‘Roadmap to 2050: A Manual for Nations to Decarbonize by Mid-Century’ was the result of a joint effort by the two institutions who, along with more than seventy experts operating in various contexts – international agencies, academia, research centres, think tanks, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), public institutions, and the private sector – provided critical input for the development of a technical manual addressed to policymakers to support the adoption of decarbonization pathways in four out of the five most energy-intensive sectors worldwide: power, hard-to-abate industry (cement, iron and steel, petrochemicals), transport, and buildings.

In the first Roadmap to 2050, biofuels, advanced biofuels, and synthetic biofuels were identified as potential key solutions for decarbonizing certain transport and industrial processes, notably the aviation and cement industry. However, further investigation was needed to better understand the impacts and interactions between biofuel production and land-/water-use as well as the breadth of biofuels application worldwide. The focus of the second report 'Roadmap to 2050: The Land-Water-Energy Nexus of Biofuels' works to identify the impacts of biofuel and bio-derived synthetic fuel production in different regional contexts and study their technical application and market implications.